Infection is an invasion by a disease-causing microorganism. After exposure to an infective agent, a period of time called incubation period (usually a few days) passes before the first symptoms appear. Shortly after this period, fever develops.
Mostly, the body’s response to infection is similar to its response to other injuries or to surgery. However, early body protein losses (muscle wasting) are more severe.
Infection often develops in persons already stressed by malnutrition, surgery, or other injury.
A well-nourished person can tolerate a short period of severe stress without adverse effects.
- Exposure to an infective agent
- Poor hygiene
- Poor sanitation
- Lowered resistance brought about by lack of food intake, rest and sleep, and peace of mind
- Marked weight loss (See Underweight)
- Inflammation of infected area
Helpful Dietary Management
- Avoid concentrated sweets and sugars. They tend to incapacitate body soldier cells to fight infective invaders.
- Drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration. (See The Importance of Water)
Helpful Tips for Minimizing Nausea and Vomiting
- Eat small meals.
- Avoid high-fat foods.
- Sip clear liquids or suck popsicles to prevent dehydration
- Lie down after eating.
- Loosen clothing after eating.
- Get fresh air.
- Avoid smells that cause nausea.
Reference: Healing Wonders of Diet Effective Guide to Diet Therapy p.60-61 & 246 © 2003 Philippine Publishing House ISBN 971-581-013-6